There is a smaller number of manipulative and exploitative charlatans who purport to be ‘mouthpieces’ or spokespersons for whichever version of ‘god’ the credulous buffoons which comprise the laity claim to ‘believe’ in. In polite circles, this smaller group of people is known as clerics. Clerics are fundamentally different to the laity. For a start, most of them are well aware that the claims they make on behalf of these anthropomorphic inventions that both they and the laity pretend to pay lip-service to are entirely unsupportable by logic, evidence, or science. Clerics are also aware that the claims made by adherents of other ‘creator gods’ are intrinsically fatal to their own claims unless these can be substantively disproved. However, since the laity to whom they preach are too ignorant to appreciate the import of that fact, clerics have found it unnecessary to attempt to do so.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, clerics in the main ‘Abrahamic religions’ have been known to point out that there really is no conflicting claims between them, since ‘Yahweh’, ‘Allah’, and ‘God’ are one and the same. Were this true, then it is incumbent of the followers of this ‘one and the same god’ to offer a credible explanation as to why each of these religions have their own substantially different versions of this so-called ‘god’s’ ‘inerrant word’ and, furthermore, why they have spent so much of their time killing each other in the name of this ‘one and the same god’? Their failure to provide such an explanation amply demonstrates to all but the thoroughly dishonest that these religions are manifestly not motivated by ‘one and the same god’, and that anyone who claims otherwise is simply being duplicitous in the extreme.
Another example demonstrating that this ‘one god’ argument is entirely specious is the fact that large numbers of those who claim to believe in this fictitious entity also claim that they did not evolve from other life forms, but were created directly by their so-called ‘god’, whilst others who claim to be equally devout accept the scientific evidence supporting evolution. Now on the face of it, these competing claims are irreconcilable, however, the issue is neatly side-stepped by ‘religious evolutionists’ then going on to claim that whilst humans did evolve, evolution was just simply their ‘god’s’ way of ‘creating’ humans, and that evolution is not actually evidence that we evolved, per se, from other species. In other words, theists are in accord; it really was their particular ‘god’ who created us, despite the scientific evidence that the protagonists of evolution present us with.
Current evolutionary estimates by experts suggest that chimpanzees and humans split from a common ancestor 5 million to 7 million years ago. However, this has recently been questioned by a new study, which maintains that this happened just 4 million years ago, and that it took only 400,000 years for humans to become a separate species from the common chimp-human ancestor. Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that the early ancestors of humans and the ancestors of chimpanzees may have interbred for a long time before they separated.
The study is entitled ‘Genomic Relationships and Speciation Times of Human, Chimpanzee, and Gorilla Inferred from a Coalescent Hidden Markov Model’, and the author’s summary states:
Primate evolution is a central topic in biology and much information can be obtained from DNA sequence data. A key parameter is the time “when we became human,” i.e., the time in the past when descendents of the human–chimp ancestor split into human and chimpanzee. Other important parameters are the time in the past when descendents of the human–chimp–gorilla ancestor split into descendents of the human–chimp ancestor and the gorilla ancestor, and population sizes of the human–chimp and human–chimp–gorilla ancestors. To estimate speciation times and ancestral population sizes we have developed a new methodology that explicitly utilizes the spatial information in contiguous genome alignments. Furthermore, we have applied this methodology to four long autosomal human–chimp–gorilla–orangutan alignments and estimated a very recent speciation time of human and chimp (around 4 million years) and ancestral population sizes much larger than the present-day human effective population size. We also analyzed X-chromosome sequence data and found that the X chromosome has experienced a different history from that of autosomes, possibly because of selection.(sic)The study is likely to be viewed as controversial, not least by so-called religious ‘believers’. For a start, it flies in the face of the claims made by the completely irrational religious fundamentalists that the world is only some 3-6,000 years old. Second, since all so-called ‘believers’ claim that it was their particular ‘god’ who gave humans their ‘souls’, it is incumbent on them to explain how their particular ‘god’ interceded sometime during our split from our common chimp-human ancestor to ‘insert’ ‘souls’ into we humans, and at what stage ‘he’ did so. Third, if the evidence suggesting that the early ancestors of humans and the ancestors of chimpanzees may have interbred for a long time before they separated is true, then believers will have to explain how their particular ‘god’ viewed that congress and why ‘he ‘ permitted it.
In conclusion, this new study poses more problems for those who maintain that it was their particular so-called ‘god’ who created humans than it does for the rest of us, but it is unlikely that they will address any of the issues which it presents them with. As I said at the beginning of this article, the majority of so-called ‘believers’ are incapable of doing so, and the minority who are manipulating them have no need to do so, as their followers are completely inoculated against evidence and truth.
For those who are interested, the paper appears in a peer-reviewed journal published under the auspices of the Public Library of Science and it can be downloaded in full from the link given above.